The brief and blunt points to consider when writing a conclusion to a chapter, thesis, or essay

  1. Refer to the aim in the Introduction. How did you fulfil it? Make sure there is a clear link between the introduction and conclusion. Some people will read the introduction and conclusion concurrently before they read the body of the work.
  2. Remind the reader what you have done and why you have done it. What is the ‘take home message’ of your research? What is the significance of your research? Do not simply summarise. Show you have achieved your objectives with examples.
  3. What are implications of the findings? How does it make a significant contribution to scholarship, understanding or practical implications for the contemporary world?
  4. Highlight your original contribution to research.
  5. Discuss how your research connects to earlier work or existing theories.
  6. Do not raise new material or argue points that have not been addressed in the main text.
  7. Openly discuss limits of research and potential for further research.
  8. If you are writing a conclusion for a chapter, make a link to the next chapter.
  9. Read other conclusions in your field of research as a guide.

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