Ox-worshipping Cynocephali in Mandeville’s Travels: Christian Conversion of Pagan Heathens

Keywords: Cynocephali, John Mandeville, Ox-worship, Christian conversion, St. Christopher The cynocephali depicted in Otto von Diemeringen’s German translations of late-fifteenth century editions of John Mandeville’s Travels mirror Christian practices of worship. Not only do they kneel before their god, like Christians, but one cynocephalus in a Strasbourg 1499 edition was portrayed clasping his hands in … Continue reading Ox-worshipping Cynocephali in Mandeville’s Travels: Christian Conversion of Pagan Heathens