Shining a Light on Darkness: A broadsheet marking 100 years after the Reformation

Keywords: Martin Luther, Reformation, Lucas Cranach the Younger The 1617 broadsheet entitled Martinus Lutherus ss. theologiæ … antitypus orthodoxae religionis … marked the centenary of Martin Luther’s publication of his ninety-five theses. The broadsheet is divided into two contrasting frames. Luther has brought people to the direct radiating light of Christ on the left, while… Continue reading Shining a Light on Darkness: A broadsheet marking 100 years after the Reformation

Bestiality and Human-Animal Hybrids: Inter-Faith Relations and the Corruption of the Christian Body

Keywords: Monstrous Births, Bestiality, Jews, Monstrous Races, Cynocephali A tale spread across Europe during the sixteenth century of a monstrous birth that possessed the legs and a curled tale of a canine, and the upper body of a young boy. An illustrative woodcut of the ‘dog boy’ posed like an ethnographic portrait appeared in Konrad… Continue reading Bestiality and Human-Animal Hybrids: Inter-Faith Relations and the Corruption of the Christian Body

Myth-Making in Cannibalistic Portrayals of Native Americans

Keywords: Cannibalism, Native Americans, Hans Staden, Theodor de Bry, William Arens In sixteenth-century prints, Native Americans were depicted in scenes of cannibalism with hanging body parts or in the act of cooking human flesh. Europeans were already preconditioned to associate the foreign Other with man-eaters when exploration shifted to the New World. Native Americans became… Continue reading Myth-Making in Cannibalistic Portrayals of Native Americans

Poverty and the Pursuit of the Philosopher’s Stone: Representations of Alchemists in Sixteenth-century Netherlandish Art

Keywords: Alchemy, Alchemist, Netherlands, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Poverty The representation of the alchemist became a particularly popular theme in the art, society and culture of the Netherlands in the seventeenth century. It reflected both the height of the practice of alchemy, as well as the artistic culture of Netherlandish art during this period.[i] The… Continue reading Poverty and the Pursuit of the Philosopher’s Stone: Representations of Alchemists in Sixteenth-century Netherlandish Art

Depiction of the merciless, abominable, and gruesome animal: An English Translation

Unknown Artist, Abbildung deß unbarmhertzigen abschewlichen grausam und grewlichen Thiers Welches in wenig Jahren den grösten Theil Teutschlandes erbärm und jämmerlichen verheeret außgezehret und verderbet (Depiction of the merciless, abominable, and gruesome animal, which within a few years ravaged, starved, and wasted the greatest part of Germany), c. 1630, place of publication unknown.Engraving, Sheet: 34.6… Continue reading Depiction of the merciless, abominable, and gruesome animal: An English Translation