Dog-Pig Hybrids and the Heretical Teachings of the Jesuits during the Counter Reformation

Keywords: Jesuits, Peter (or Petrus) Canisius, Martin Eisengrein, Judensau (‘Jewish sow’), dog-pig hybrids, Reformation Updated: 05.10.2022 The act of revelation was explored in Protestant Reformation prints to demonstrate that the Catholic Church were something more sinister than what they externally portrayed. In this way, their outward, physical appearance from their tonsured haircut to their clerical… Continue reading Dog-Pig Hybrids and the Heretical Teachings of the Jesuits during the Counter Reformation

Jesuits Portrayed with Dog-Heads in Protestant Polemical Prints

Keywords: Jesuits, Dominicans, Martin Luther, Reformation, Order of Jesus, Counter-Reformation The Jesuits became an especial target in the Protestant polemical campaign as they became a significant and influential order of the Catholic Church, particularly during the Counter-Reformation period. While artists used various animals to mock the Catholic clergy, the dog and the wolf were popular,… Continue reading Jesuits Portrayed with Dog-Heads in Protestant Polemical Prints

What was the Protestant Reformation?

Keywords: Reformation, Martin Luther (1483-1546), Lutheran, Protestant, Ninety-five theses Socio-Cultural Background Roman historian Cornelius Tacitus’ (56–117 A.D.) Germania, (first printed in German in 1473 in Nuremberg), enabled the Germanic people to rediscover their cultural identity without influence from foreign powers (Krebs, 2011, p. 17; Hughes, 1992, p. 20; Morris, 2002, p. 58. For an English… Continue reading What was the Protestant Reformation?

The World Turned Upside-Down: Christ’s Sheep Against the Papal Wolves of Rome

Keywords: Reformation Propaganda, Catholic clergy, wolf hunt, demons, evangelists, papal greed, Making comparisons between people and animals by portraying them as animals or with the heads of animals was used as a Propagandists tool during the Protestant Reformation. Protestant propaganda employed the greedy canine motif to represent the Catholic clergy in opposition to Christian ideals… Continue reading The World Turned Upside-Down: Christ’s Sheep Against the Papal Wolves of Rome

The Wolf-Human Hybrid Motif used in Protestant Propaganda against the Re-Catholicism of England

Keywords: Protestant Reformation, Peace of Augsburg, wolf-human hybrid, Stephen Gardiner, Calvinism, Eucharist, Catholicism, Devil The wolf motif was used to symbolise Catholic greed during the Protestant Reformation. However, the reoccurring theme of a wolf-human hybrid devouring sheep was used to point to the violence of the Catholic Church against Protestants. The wolf who was the… Continue reading The Wolf-Human Hybrid Motif used in Protestant Propaganda against the Re-Catholicism of England