Rise of Nationalism and the Othering of Perceived Outsiders in Sixteenth-Century Germany

Germany was increasingly referred to in nationalistic terms during the Renaissance by using phrases such as ‘we Germans’, ‘all of Germany’, and ‘common German fatherland’, even though German nationalism remained largely cultural rather than political until the nineteenth century.[i] The growing nationalistic sentiment during early modern Germany created a romanticised vision of German heritage and…

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Monstrous Women: Hair, Gender, and Sexuality in Early Modern German Prints

The concept of shape-shifting and representations of human-animal hybrids in both literary sources and the visual arts captured the early modern European imagination. This phenomenon is particularly evident in the prevalence of pictorial prints featuring these creatures dated in the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, produced in the regions of Germany, around the time of…

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Germanic Warrior Wolf Tribes: Werewolves, Shamanism, and Outlaws

Old Norse literature is filled with stories of shape-shifting transformation of humans and gods alike, reflecting oral traditions of several hundred years.[i] These transformations were either voluntary, hereditary, or the result of a curse.[ii] They include The tale of Ulf (‘Wolf’), which is described in Egil’s Saga, written in Iceland in 1000 A.D., in which…

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Franz Hogenberg’ Petter Stump Broadsheet

An English Translation of the Cologne Broadsheet Franz Hogenberg, Srump Petter, Cologne, 1589 Broadsheet English Translation: Near Bedburg in that same country I changed myself into a wolf, Spent my life a while with magic, despised God. I gave myself over to Evil And took many a life, then as a wolf, I tore up…

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Selected Bibliography for Scholarly Research on the Early Modern Werewolf

Primary Sources: Anonymous, Arrest memorable donné à l’encontre de Gilles Garnier lyonnois pour avoir en forme de loup garou devoré plusieurs enfans…, Lyon: Benoît Rigaud 1574. Anonymous, A True Discourse Declaring the Damnable Life and Death of One Stubbe Peeter, a most wicked sorcerer who in the likenes of a woolfe, committed many murders, continuing…

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